Survey on Italian Population
CNR-Irpps Research Team: Dr. Antonio Tintori, Dr. Loredana Cerbara, Dr. Rossella Palomba, Dr. Giulia Ciancimino.
External participants in Italy: Dr. Federica La Longa (INGV), Dr. Massimo Crescimbene (INGV), Prof. Maria Rita Parsi (Fondazione Movimento Bambino ONLUS), Dr. Marco Lautieri, Dr. Enrico Petrangeli and Dr. Giacomo Mencarelli (CNR-Iret), Prof. Annalisa Versari (Unimore-DESU).
The “COVID19-Ongoing Social Changes” (OSM-COVID19) observatory is an Italian project designed and led by the National Research Council (CNR-Irpps) which is focused on the monitoring of attitudes and behaviours within the population during the COVID19 emergency, in close relationship to the social distancing phenomenon. The COVID19 health emergency has produced a sudden and radical upheaval in the habits and lifestyles of Italian population. This shift was based on the drastic reduction of any kind of social interaction, but also on organisation and retention in the employment sector.
Starting from a diachronic perspective, the project aims to explore, analyse, understand and forecast the psycho-social effects of social interaction curtailing and prolonged cohabitation, thus defining the most appropriate support interventions for the wellbeing of the population. The study is centred on the interpersonal, psychological and economic dimensions of social distancing.
Research areas, methodology and functional objectives
The activity runs around four areas of interest. The first one is about respondents’ Social and Personal Information. The second one considers Interaction under conditions of Social Distancing/Cohabitation, assessing the transformations in social interaction, but also the ones occurring in web usage and any kind of deviance or discomfort. The third one, which is about Trust and Opinions, highlights the evaluation of public organisations, opinions and personal orientations. Finally, the fourth activity, Emotions and Resilience, analyses the effects of self-assessment, but also of primary emotions and resilience.
Below follows the list of main dimensions of the analysis:
- Living and working conditions
- Free time activities
- Virtual communication and web behaviour
- Digital divide
- Interaction and deviance in a domestic environment
- Trust in the System
- Gender stereotypes
- Psycho-social condition
- Opinions and orientations
- Primary emotions
The OSM-COVID19 observatory conducts national-level surveys through the use of electronic and semi-structured questionnaires which uses the web as its main source of diffusion, in addition to other formal and informal channels. The administration of the questionnaire is grounded on a CAWI-based approach (Computer Assisted Web Interviewing) and data is therefore anonymously acquired. CAWI methodology guarantees an immediate registration of data which is directly allocated on the CNR server, with the support of Lime Survey software.
The OSM-COVID19 observatory activities are meant to give value to and emphasise the results of the surveys. The primary aim of the project is the dissemination and communication of the results through: the publication of scientific articles, knowledge transfer to mass media, academia and the healthcare sector, as well as policy makers and the public, which will also be provided with actions supporting social well-being.
The Press Office and Comms and Public Relations Unit of CNR, in collaboration with the press offices of INGV and Fondazione Movimento Bambino ONLUS, will support the diffusion of the results of OSM-COVID19.
The research team for Social Changes, Evaluation and Methods (MUSA) of CNR-Irpps
The OSM-COVID19 observatory benefits from the contribution of a large and multi-sectorial group of researchers, with specialised competencies in the fields of Sociology, Statistics, Psychology, Psychopedagogy, Demography, Economics and Cultural Anthropology. The team has a long-standing experience in population behavioural analysis, social interaction and conditioning and scientific communication and dissemination. Below follows the main set of competencies and resources for each member:
Dr. Antonio Tintori (Survey Co-lead)
|CNR-Irpps researcher and professor of Social Sciences Methods at Sapienza University, Rome. Sociologist, expert in behavioural studies, deviance, social conditioning and scientific dissemination.|
Dr. Loredana Cerbara (Survey Co-lead)
|CNR-Irpps researcher, former professor of Statistics at Sapienza University, Rome. Experienced in project design and management of quantitative enquiries, sampling techniques and reporting.|
|Dr. Federica La Longa||Behavioural psychologist (INGV)|
|Dr. Massimo Crescimbene||Behavioural psychologist (INGV)|
|Prof. Maria Rita Parsi||Psychopedagogist and therapist, experienced in methods for the analysis of social and cultural phenomena (Fondazione Movimento Bambino ONLUS)|
|Dr. Rossella Palomba||Associate CNR-Irpps, former Research Director. She is a demographer, expert in analysis of attitudes and behaviour of population|
|Dr. Giulia Ciancimino||Research assistant at CNR-Irpps, supporting CNR-MUSA research team.|
• Tintori A., Cerbara L., Ciancimino G. (2021). Gli effetti del lavoro agile nel corso del lockdown del 2020 in Italia. Tra opportunità e alienazione, 1-2021, p.33-43. Analysis, Patron Editore. ISSN 1591-0695;
• Tintori A., Cerbara L., Ciancimino G., Palomba R. (2021). The spread of gender stereotypes in Italy during the COVID-19. In: 4th International Conference on Gender Research ICGR 2021, Academic Conferences International. Doi: 10.34190/IGR.21.019;
• Tintori A. (2021). Distanziamento fisico e confinamento domestico. Gli effetti del Covid-19 su atteggiamenti ed emozioni in Italia. Welfare post. CNR-Irpps. ;
• Tintori A., Cerbara L., Ciancimino G. (2020). Geografia delle emozioni primarie e degli atteggiamenti durante il distanziamento sociale ai tempi del covid-19 in Italia. In: Migrazioni di virus. Numeri e linguaggi (a cura di Bonifazi C., Cadeddu M.E, Marras C.). CNR Edizioni, II, [DOI https://doi.org/10.36173/PLURIMI-2020-2/04];
• Tintori A., Cerbara L., Ciancimino G., Geografia delle emozioni primarie e degli atteggiamenti durante il distanziamento sociale ai tempi del covid-19 in Italia, in Bonifazi C., Cadeddu ME., Marras C., Migrazioni di virus. Numeri e linguaggi, Plurilinguismo e Migrazioni, CNR Edizioni, 2021.
• Tintori A., Ciancimino G., Oksay A., Senal S., Bulgan G., Büyüker D., Cerbara L. (2020). Comparing the influence of gender stereotypes on well-being in Italy and Turkey during the COVID-19 lockdown. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. 24 (24): 13037-13043 [DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202012_24209];
• Tintori A., Cerbara L., Ciancimino G., Crescimbene M., La Longa F., A. Versari (2020). Adaptive behavioural coping strategies as reaction to COVID-19 social distancing in Italy. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. 24 (20): 10860-10866 [DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202010_23449];
• Cerbara L., Ciancimino G., Crescimbene M., La Longa F., Parsi MR., Tintori A., Palomba R. (2020). A nation-wide survey on emotional and psychological impacts of COVID-19 social distancing. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. Vol. 24 – N. 12, 7155-7163, [DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202006_21711].