The temporary work-related migration of highschool and university graduates from the Molise Region
Project Manager: Massimiliano Crisci
Funding : Region of Molise, Province of Campobasso
The job mobility of young highschool and university graduates is increasingly characterized by temporary and periodic migrations, due to the increasing flexibility of the labour markets. These new forms of geographic mobility are a veiled and little studied and researched phenomenon. Because of its temporary and intermittent nature it is difficult to assess through the usual administrative sources and statistics. However, it seems important to shed light on these processes because of their impact on the economy and on social cohesion in the areas of origin, and because of the meaning they have on the quality of life of the migrants and their families.
In the Molise Region, the discrepancy between the expectations of young school leavers and university graduates and the type of jobs offered by the local markets is particularly important. It produces multiple forms of long-distance commuting to the regions of the Centre-North of Italy and abroad, following the directions of traditional migration flows.
The Region of Molise on behalf of the Province of Campobasso funds the research project. The research team is formed by Massimiliano Crisci, Gera Caruso, Frank Heins and Mattia Vitiello of the IRPPS-CNR and Oliviero Casacchia of the Department of Statistical Sciences of the University of Rome ‘La Sapienza’.
The aim of the project is to analyse the forms of temporary, work related mobility of graduates from the Molise region setting these moves into the context of different forms of mobility that range from daily commuting to long distance migrations.
In particular, the temporary migration will be studied with special attention to the following aspects:
• quantitative estimates and recent trends of the phenomenon
• the socio-demographic characteristics of geographically mobile persons
• the duration and the frequency of moves
• the choice of the area of destination and the role social networks are playing
• the educational level of the mobile persons and their insertion in the labour markets
• the socio-economic impact of geographic mobility
• the perceptions and the future intentions of mobile persons
From a methodological point of view we will make use of two different approaches: one quantitative, through the analysis of statistical sources already available, and the other qualitative, analysing the responses to an online survey ( CAWI method ) published on the website of the IRPPS-CNR, conducting interviews with expert or privileged witnesses and conducting biographical interviews with geographically mobile persons.