Health and Society (SALSOC)
The Health and Society research activities bring together the various institute staff members who work on the topic of health, that, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO), is a “state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity”. The topics dealt with in this research activity are:
• Epidemiological analysis of the impact of tumours in industrialized countries, with particular reference to changes in the risk factors, diagnostic procedures, surgical and pharmaceutical treatments and population ageing;
• Analysis of the relationship between nutrition and chronic-degenerative diseases in order to define a more suitable nutritional model for the maintenance of a good state of health and in particular for the implementation of a healthy lifestyle in the workplace;
• Application of the narrative-based medicine approach – a clinical welfare intervention methodology based on a specific communication skill – in order to identify a model for reducing the waste of money, strengthening the doctor-patient relationship and improving the functioning of healthcare facilities;
• Sociological studies of individual’s lifestyles that determine the state of citizens’ well-being, looking particularly at people’s living conditions and health determinants. A special focus is on prevention policies in the management of area plans;
• Analysis and development of information systems in the healthcare setting with focus on: business processes modelling , development of conceptual models based on clinical data standards, assessment of quality of healthcare services also through the secondary use of clinical data.
The research activities make use both of quantitative methodologies (statistical methods) and qualitative methodologies, either tried-and-tested (ethnographic observation techniques, textual analysis, focus groups, validated questionnaires), or drawn up ad hoc for the resolution of specific problems. Furthermore, modelling methodologies (e.g. Unified Modelling Language (UML) and Business Process Model and Notation (BPMN)) are used for describing both the static and the dynamic aspects of the healthcare information systems.
Participants: Antonella Ciocia, Gennaro Clemente, Anna Gigli, Daniela Luzi, Fabrizio Pecoraro, Oscar Tamburis, Tiziana Tesauro.
Keywords: epidemiology, narrative medicine, nutrition, welfare, prevention, medical informatics